Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2019, Page: 76-87
Regulated Coal Mine Wastewater Contaminants Accumulating in an Aquatic Predatory Beetle (Macrogyrus rivularis): Wollangambe River, Blue Mountains New South Wales Australia
Nakia Belmer, School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, New South Wales, Australia
Kasjan Paciuszkiewicz, School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, New South Wales, Australia; Envirolab, Chatswood, New South Wales, Australia
Ian Alexander Wright, School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, New South Wales, Australia
Received: Apr. 19, 2019;       Accepted: May 29, 2019;       Published: Jul. 1, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20190502.14      View  108      Downloads  12
Abstract
This study investigates contaminants from a single coal mine wastewater discharge released to the Wollangambe River accumulating in an aquatic predatory beetle (Macrogyrus rivularis). The study was undertaken within the Wollangambe River and its surrounding tributaries. The coal mine wastewater discharge is regulated by the New South Wales Environment Protection Authority and the regulation of the pollutants only concentrates on water column concentrations. The majority of the Wollangambe River flows within the World Heritage Greater Blue Mountains National Park and is protected through many layers of legislation from state to federal and international (Threatened Species Conservation Act 2005, Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation ACT 1999, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 2000). Results show that many contaminants are at statistically higher concentrations within the water column, stream sediment and beetles sampled when compared between reference and impacted sample locations. Analysis of Similarity (ANOSIM) found significant differences for contaminants in beetles sampled at impacted sites compared to reference sites with no significant difference recorded between reference sites. Biota and/or Environmental matching (Best) found Manganese, Cobalt, Nickel and Zinc as the factors which have the greatest influence in differences. The implications that contaminants from the regulated wastewater being discharged may be accumulating within aquatic biota is of major concern as the regulation of the wastewater only concentrates on water column pollutants and is not taking into account the greater environmental ramifications of the pollution.
Keywords
Water Pollution, Bioaccumulation, Heavy Metals, Macroinvertebrates, Freshwater Ecology, Coal Mine Pollution, Regulated Water Pollution
To cite this article
Nakia Belmer, Kasjan Paciuszkiewicz, Ian Alexander Wright, Regulated Coal Mine Wastewater Contaminants Accumulating in an Aquatic Predatory Beetle (Macrogyrus rivularis): Wollangambe River, Blue Mountains New South Wales Australia, American Journal of Water Science and Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2019, pp. 76-87. doi: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20190502.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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