Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2019, Page: 105-110
Mapping of the Distribution of Aquifier in KawatunaSub-district, Mantikulore District, Palu
Muhammad Rusydi, Department of Physics, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
Mohammad Dahlan Tahir Musa, Department of Physics, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
Badaruddin, Department of Physics, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
Yandry Albert Momor, Department of Physics, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
Sandra Sandra, Department of Physics, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
Mauludin Kurniawan, Department of Physics, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
Sitti Rugaya, Department of Physics, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
Rustan Efendi, Department of Physics, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
Rahmawati, Department of Geography Education, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
Syaiful Hendra, Department of Information Technology, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
Hajra Rasmita Ngemba, Department of Information Technology, Tadulako University, Palu, Indonesia
Received: Jul. 27, 2019;       Accepted: Aug. 24, 2019;       Published: Sep. 16, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20190503.11      View  39      Downloads  12
Abstract
Background: The condition of the land in Kawatuna Sub-district is dry, with vegetation overgrown only with shrubs. Dry land condition makes people difficult to get clean water sources for their daily needs. Purpose: This research aims to find out the existence of an aquifer and the depth of the aquifer in Kawatuna Sub-district. Method: The method used in this research is Vertical Electrikal Soundin (VES) with Sclumberger Configuration. The measurement is conducted on 10 measuring points. Data is processed using IP2WIN. Result: The result shown by the program is in the form of distribution of resistivity(ρ), thickness (h), and depth (d) of each subsurface layer. Aquifer layer is shown by the resistivity value of 32.15Ωm-48.03 Ωm and formation factor value of 2-5. This layer consists of sands, pebbles, and sandstones. The upper limit of this later is in the depth of 50.05-72.75m, while the lower limit is undetectable. Conclusion: Aquifer layer is distributed to the east and to the west. It can be seen from the depth of aquifer in the west which tends to be shallower than that in the east. Commonly, this layer is located below the impermeable clay layer.
Keywords
Aquifer, Geo-Electric Resistivity, Sclumberge Configuration, Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES)
To cite this article
Muhammad Rusydi, Mohammad Dahlan Tahir Musa, Badaruddin, Yandry Albert Momor, Sandra Sandra, Mauludin Kurniawan, Sitti Rugaya, Rustan Efendi, Rahmawati, Syaiful Hendra, Hajra Rasmita Ngemba, Mapping of the Distribution of Aquifier in KawatunaSub-district, Mantikulore District, Palu, American Journal of Water Science and Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2019, pp. 105-110. doi: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20190503.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
J. G. Arnold, P. M. Allen, and G. Bernhardt, “A comprehensive surface-groundwater flow model,” J. Hydrol., 1993.
[2]
E. Kalbus, F. Reinstorf, and M. Schirmer, “Measuring methods for groundwater-Surface water interactions: A review,” Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 2006.
[3]
M. Rodell, J. Chen, H. Kato, J. S. Famiglietti, J. Nigro, and C. R. Wilson, “Estimating groundwater storage changes in the Mississippi River basin (USA) using GRACE,” Hydrogeol. J., 2007.
[4]
T. A. dan A. A. Zeffitni, “Studipelayanan air minumdalamrangkamencapai target mdgs di kotapalu,” Semin. Nas. Tek. Sipil V Tahun 2015-UMS, 2015.
[5]
L. Roberts, Y. Chartier, O. Chartier, G. Malenga, M. Toole, and H. Rodka, “Keeping clean water clean in a Malawi refugee camp: A randomized intervention trial,” Bull. World Health Organ., 2001.
[6]
J. Horsfield, Water Sustainable World. 2018.
[7]
UN WWAP (United Nations World Water Assessment Programme), “World water quality facts and statistics,” Clean Ater a Heal. World, 2008.
[8]
United Nations, “Clean Water and Sanitation: Why It Matters,” Sustain. Dev. Goals Briefs, 2016.
[9]
T. Thompson, M. Sobsey, and J. Bartram, “Providing clean water, keeping water clean: An integrated approach,” in International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 2003.
[10]
T. H. Abdel Hafeez, H. S. Sabet, A. N. El-Sayed, and M. A. Zayed, “Geoelectrical exploration of groundwater at West Dayrout Area, Assiut Governorate, Egypt,” NRIAG J. Astron. Geophys., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 279–296, 2018.
[11]
A. M. S. Abd El-Gawad, A. S. Helaly, and M. S. E. Abd El-Latif, “Application of geoelectrical measurements for detecting the ground-water seepage in clay quarry at Helwan, southeastern Cairo, Egypt,” NRIAG J. Astron. Geophys., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 377–389, 2018.
[12]
D. Darsono, “Identifikasi Akuifer Dangkal dan Akuifer Dalamdengan Metode Geolistrik (Kasus: Di Kecamatan Masaran),” Indones. J. Appl. Phys., 2016.
[13]
V. S. Asare and A. Menyeh, “Geo-Electrical Investigation of Groundwater Resources and Aquifer Characteristics in Some Small Communities in The Gushiegu and Karaga Districts of Northern Ghana,” Int. J. Sceince Technol. Res., 2013.
[14]
P. D. C. Mbonu, J. O. Ebeniro, C. O. Ofoegbu, and A. S. Ekine, “Geoelectric sounding for the determination of aquifer characteristics in parts of the Umuahia area of Nigeria,” GEOPHYSICS, 2002.
[15]
K. S. Okiongbo and E. Akpofure, “Determination of Aquifer Properties and Groundwater Vulnerability Mapping Using Geoelectric Method in Yenagoa City and Its Environs in Bayelsa State, South South Nigeria,” J. Water Resour. Prot., 2012.
[16]
E. Rolia and D. Sutjiningsih, “Application of geoelectric method for groundwater exploration from surface (A literature study),” in AIP Conference Proceedings, 2018.
[17]
G. Akhter and M. Hasan, “Determination of aquifer parameters using geoelectrical sounding and pumping test data in Khanewal District, Pakistan,” Open Geosci., 2016.
[18]
G. Halik and J. Widodo, “PendugaanPotensi Air Tanah DenganMetodeGeolistrik,” Media Tek. Sipil, 2008.
[19]
N. U. Ugwu, R. T. Ranganai, R. E. Simon, and G. Ogubazghi, “Geoelectric Evaluation of Groundwater Potential and Vulnerability of Overburden Aquifers at Onibu-Eja Active Open Dumpsite, Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria,” J. Water Resour. Prot., 2016.
[20]
U. Hamzah, A. R. Samsudin, and E. P. Malim, “Groundwater investigation in Kuala Selangor using vertical electrical sounding (VES) surveys,” Environ. Geol., 2007.
[21]
S. Niwas and M. Celik, “Equation estimation of porosity and hydraulic conductivity of Ruhrtal aquifer in Germany using near surface geophysics,” J. Appl. Geophys., 2012.
[22]
N. Perttu, K. Wattanasen, K. Phommasone, and S. Å. Elming, “Characterization of aquifers in the Vientiane Basin, Laos, using Magnetic Resonance Sounding and Vertical Electrical Sounding,” J. Appl. Geophys., 2011.
[23]
E. Faleiro, G. Asensio, and J. Moreno, “Improved measurements of the apparent resistivity for small depths in Vertical Electrical Soundings,” J. Appl. Geophys., 2016.
[24]
V. N. Pham, D. Boyer, J.-L. Le Mouël, and T. Kim Thoa Nguyen, “Hydrogeological investigation in the Mekong Delta around Ho-Chi-Minh City (South Vietnam) by electric tomography,” ComptesRendusGeosci., 2002.
[25]
I. Akca, T. Günther, M. Müller-Petke, A. T. Başokur, and U. Yaramanci, “Joint parameter estimation from magnetic resonance and vertical electric soundings using a multi-objective genetic algorithm,” Geophys. Prospect., 2014.
[26]
F. Ozcep, O. Tezel, and M. Asci, “Correlation between electrical resistivity and soil-water content :Istanbul and Golcuk,” Int. J. Phys. Sci., 2010.
[27]
M. A. Al-Garni et al., “Groundwater Investigation Using Combined Geophysical Methods*,” J. Appl. Geophys., 2002.
Browse journals by subject