Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 31-38
Economic Modeling of Water Need Determination in Lebanon: Implication for Lebanon’s Agriculture
Bassam Hamdar, Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, American University of Science and Technology, Beirut, Lebanon
Abbas Hamdan, Master of Business Administration (MBA) Program, Faculty of Business and Economics, American University of Science and Technology, Beirut, Lebanon
Received: Sep. 26, 2019;       Accepted: Jan. 31, 2020;       Published: Feb. 11, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20200601.14      View  15      Downloads  16
The Arabian orient from the end of World War II on has been boiling with conflicts, the underlying reason ever since, natural resources. The vassal states created by the French and the British after their victory in the Great War had their borders drawn on the premise of distributing this wealth. However; priorities in the region are starting to shift. With the rising prices, diminishing reserves of oil and the discovery of larger deposits in other regions of the world, the dependence on solar and renewable energy sources is gaining an equivalent strategic importance, water is becoming a major player in the region’s politics, and it is the new strategic asset. Whether in energy production or agriculture, water, is a more suitable substitute to produce electricity at lower costs, a perfect substitute to oil and gas, and safer than nuclear energy. This paper aims at revealing the wasted wealth of water that Lebanon has thirsty neighbors look upon to have. Lebanon is a small piece of land, which God almighty has blessed with annual rain that averages between 8 to 10 billion m3, a figure that can easily classify as a strategic asset. The regions` limited fresh water resources will determine the future political alliances and will possess the key to trigger wars. This paper also demonstrates how the increase in agricultural production would lead to an increase in water needed for irrigation that varies according to the nature of the crops considered by this study i.e., Wheat, Veggies, Citrus, and Apples. The Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) method was utilized to determine the needed water per crop per ton. A regression model with four independent variables was used to cover Wheat, Veggies, Citrus, and Apples, along with one dependent variable, the level of water needed. The findings indicated that for every ton of wheat produced 14 MCM of water is needed, and for every ton of veggies produced 0.002 MCM of water is needed, moreover, for every ton of citrus produced 0.006 MCM of water is needed, and finally, for every ton of apple produced 0.035 MCM of water is needed.
Lebanon, Water Resources, OLS Method, Needed Water Per Crop. Agriculture
To cite this article
Bassam Hamdar, Abbas Hamdan, Economic Modeling of Water Need Determination in Lebanon: Implication for Lebanon’s Agriculture, American Journal of Water Science and Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2020, pp. 31-38. doi: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20200601.14
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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