Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 60-64
Diagnosis of the Availability of Groundwater Resources for Off-season Irrigation on the Pic of Sindou Rice Perimeter in Burkina Faso
Bama Nati Aïssata Delphine, Plant Production Department, Institute for the Environment and Agricultural Research (INERA), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Barké Guida Habiba, Hydro- Systems and Agriculture Water Laborator, International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering (2iE), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Koita Mahamadou, Hydro- Systems and Agriculture Water Laborator, International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering (2iE), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Niang Dial, Hydro- Systems and Agriculture Water Laborator, International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering (2iE), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Yacouba Hamma, Hydro- Systems and Agriculture Water Laborator, International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering (2iE), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Received: Mar. 13, 2020;       Accepted: Mar. 31, 2020;       Published: Apr. 14, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20200602.11      View  215      Downloads  93
Abstract
In Burkina Faso, more precisely, in the Cascades region, on the Pic of Sindou rice perimeter, producers made dike to channel water from overflow springs for off-season irrigation. However, this perimeter like most of the developed areas in the country is subject to the scarcity of water resources to carry out off-season activities. The objective of this study was therefore to analyze the problem of water on the Pic of Sindou rice perimeter in order to propose solutions to overcome the lack of water. The estimation of the volume of water taken from the aquifer, through the springs for off-season irrigation was made using the volumetric method and surveys of 200 producers on their method of managing irrigation during February-July 2019. Gross irrigation water requirements were determined using climatic data from the Karfiguela station. And, the method of the water table fluctuation from 2016 to 2019 is used to estimate the variation of the groundwater stock. Gross irrigation water requirements are currently satisfied at 8.3%, hence the inability of the four springs to cover production on the 260 hectare developed. The diagnosis also revealed that approximately 20% of the volume of water transported in the channels evaporates or infiltrates into the soil; 15% of spring water is not channeled and 18% is lost during off hours. However, the analysis of the variation of the groundwater stock revealed the existence of a groundwater reserve which can be mobilized by catchment works to satisfy the water deficit currently on the perimeter and even cover the extension of the perimeter to 300 hectare of available area.
Keywords
Spring, Water Shortage, Off-season Rice Production, Peasant Development, Sindou Pic Rice Perimeter
To cite this article
Bama Nati Aïssata Delphine, Barké Guida Habiba, Koita Mahamadou, Niang Dial, Yacouba Hamma, Diagnosis of the Availability of Groundwater Resources for Off-season Irrigation on the Pic of Sindou Rice Perimeter in Burkina Faso, American Journal of Water Science and Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 60-64. doi: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20200602.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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