Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 65-69
Quantification of Groundwater Resources using Water Table Fluctuation Method in Tirupati Division, Andhra Pradesh State, India
Shanmukha Srinivas Gorantla, Department of Civil Engineering, Sri Venkateswara University College of Engineering, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
Yaswanth Kumar Yadiki, Department of Civil Engineering, Gonampalli Pulla Reddy Engineering College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India
Jyothi Pandla, Water Resources Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Tirupati, India
Received: Apr. 12, 2020;       Accepted: Apr. 24, 2020;       Published: May 15, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20200602.12      View  298      Downloads  162
Abstract
The weathered and fractured zones of hard rock formations constitute the potential aquifers for groundwater development. In India it has been the practice from historical times, to utilize groundwater for either domestic or agricultural purposes mostly through large diameter open wells piercing the shallow weathered portions. There has been an accelerated usage of groundwater during recent times, particularly during the ‘Green Revolution’. Due to the advent of modern techniques, simplicity in the construction of bore wells and viability to reach deeper fractured aquifers, the practice of construction of open-dug wells has almost been replaced by drilling of bore wells. The advantage of quick drilling techniques has encouraged many a user to drill to greater depths in the hope of getting higher yields. The net result of indiscriminate drilling is decline of water levels to alarming levels, which results in decrease in well yields and groundwater quality deterioration. It is in this context that an analysis of well yields, variations in static water levels, total depths in these wells of Tirupati revenue division is attempted to understand the well behavior because of the influx of floating as well as resident population is enormously increasing, thereby creating more demand for groundwater. The knowledge about the well yields and characteristics is considered imperative for effective planning and management of groundwater resources in this area. Considering the economic viability, various measures are suggested.
Keywords
Groundwater, Water Table, Specific Yield, Well Recharge
To cite this article
Shanmukha Srinivas Gorantla, Yaswanth Kumar Yadiki, Jyothi Pandla, Quantification of Groundwater Resources using Water Table Fluctuation Method in Tirupati Division, Andhra Pradesh State, India, American Journal of Water Science and Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 65-69. doi: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20200602.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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