Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 89-103
Flood Moderation & Water Management Study in a Non-Himalayan Indian Basin
Sanjay Kumar Ray, Civil Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
Venkappayya Rangappayya Desai, Civil Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
Received: Sep. 17, 2020;       Accepted: Sep. 30, 2020;       Published: Oct. 13, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20200603.12      View  26      Downloads  19
Abstract
India is one of the very few countries in the world endowed with substantial land and water resources. Being a country with predominantly monsoon climate, the rainfall is erratic, unevenly distributed in space, time and hence droughts in some parts/seasons and floods in some other parts/seasons frequently occur. Sometimes, both of them also occur simultaneously. In order to reduce the adverse impacts of floods and droughts, intra-basin surface/subsurface water management followed by inter-basin subsurface & surface water transfer is proposed to ensure water availability within the basin first, followed by transfer of basin excess water, preferably to the adjacent basin (s) within the region -having water storage capability during the regional floods, purely on a short term basis. In the present study, a sub-catchment of Subarnarekha Basin has been considered as the study area. This study focuses on the proposal of Intra-basin/Inter-basin subsurface/surface storage/transfer during a portion of the flood period. This is accomplished after creating some Intra-basin storage, by analyzing 13 years of daily discharge data -starting from 2004, for the Jamsholaghat Gauge-Discharge (G-D) site in the basin. Thus, all the four purposes -in their order of preference, viz., 1) moderation of basin flood peak; 2) creation of intra-basin surface/subsurface storage; 3) groundwater recharge and 4) short term mitigation of water scarcity in the neighboring basin (s), are expected to be achieved through this proposal.
Keywords
Interlinking of Rivers, Inter-basin Transfer, Subsurface Transfer, Water Harvesting Structures
To cite this article
Sanjay Kumar Ray, Venkappayya Rangappayya Desai, Flood Moderation & Water Management Study in a Non-Himalayan Indian Basin, American Journal of Water Science and Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 89-103. doi: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20200603.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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